Which iconic movie detective gave the number “2211” when asked for his badge number? | Quizlet Flashcards

Ans: Which iconic movie detective gave the number “2211” when asked for his badge number? | Quizlet Flashcards

Clipped from: http://quizlet.fyi/live/quiz/ans-which-iconic-movie-detective-gave-the-number-2211-when-asked-for-his-badge-number/

Sunday, October 29, 2017

5:37 PM

· Frank Bullitt 17.6%

· Harry Callahan 57.4%

San Francisco Police Inspector Harry Callahan, known as "Dirty Harry," first appeared on the big screen in 1971. Clint Eastwood’s portrayal of the tough-as-nails Callahan is one of the most iconic police roles found in movies. Not one to necessarily play by the rules, Callahan would give his badge number, 2211, when demanded. The movie was originally panned by the critics but it has developed a cult-like following over the years. Source: IMDb.com

· Alex Cross 18.6%

· Samuel Gerard6.38%

The Final Badge-Tossing Scene
In the final scene when Harry executes Scorpio, he hurls his police badge (Inspector 2211, SF Police) into the pond with the body then walks away. This scene is an homage to the final scene of High Noon (1952) when the lone Marshal (Gary Cooper) discards his badge in the dust after being betrayed by an entire town. Nowadays more people know Dirty Harry than High Noon.

Inspector Harold Francis “Dirty Harry” Callahan is a fictional character in the Dirty Harry film series, encompassing Dirty Harry (1971), Magnum Force (1973), The Enforcer (1976), Sudden Impact (1983) and The Dead Pool (1988). Callahan is portrayed by Clint Eastwood in each film.

Callahan is an Inspector with the San Francisco Police Department, usually with the Homicide department, although for disciplinary or political reasons he is occasionally transferred to other less prominent units, such as Personnel (in The Enforcer) or Stakeout (in Magnum Force) or just sent out of town on mundane research assignments (in Sudden Impact). Callahan’s primary concern is protecting and avenging the victims of violent crime. Though proficient at apprehending criminals, his methods are often unconventional; while some claim that he is prepared to ignore the law and professional and ethical boundaries, regarding them as needless red tape hampering justice, his methods are usually within the law – he takes advantage of situations that justify his use of deadly force, sometimes almost creating those situations. When a group of men holding hostages in a liquor store in The Enforcer demand a getaway car, Callahan delivers one by driving the car through the store’s plate glass window and then shooting the robbers. Rather than following the rules of the police department, Callahan inserts himself into the scene of the event at a time when the imminent use of deadly force by the criminals justifies his use of deadly force against the criminals. Conversely, in Sudden Impact when he finds out that Jennifer Spencer (Sondra Locke), the person responsible for a series of murders in San Francisco and San Paulo, was a rape victim killing her unpunished rapists, he lets her go free, indicating that he feels her retribution was justified. In The Dead Pool Callahan shoots a fleeing and unarmed Mafia assassin in the back and kills the villain in the end with a harpoon knowing that the man’s pistol is out of ammunition.

Callahan goes a step further in Dirty Harry, in which he shoots serial killer Charles “Scorpio” Davis after Davis surrenders and put his hands in the air. Determined to know the location of a 14-year-old girl that Davis has kidnapped and buried alive, Callahan then presses his foot onto Davis’ leg wound, ignoring Davis’s pleas for a doctor and a lawyer until Davis gives up the location of the kidnapped girl. Callahan is later informed by the District Attorney that because Callahan kicked in the door of Davis’s residence without a warrant, and because Davis’s confession of the girl’s location was made under the duress of torture, the evidence against him is inadmissible, and Davis has been released without charges filed against him. Callahan explains his outlook to the Mayor of San Francisco, who asks how Callahan ascertains that a man he had shot was intending to commit rape; the inspector responds, “When a naked man is chasing a woman through an alley with a butcher knife and a hard-on, I figure he isn’t out collecting for the Red Cross.”

While his partners and many other officers respect and admire Callahan, others see him as unfit to serve on the police force. He often clashes with superiors who dislike Callahan’s methods, and judges and prosecutors are wary of handling his cases because of frequent violations of the Fourth Amendment and other irregularities. A police commissioner admits that Callahan’s “unconventional methods … get results”, but adds that his successes are “more costly to the city and this department in terms of publicity and physical destruction than most other men’s failures”. (The publicity makes him well known; in Sudden Impact, the police chief of another city calls him “the famous Harry Callahan”, and by The Dead Pool he is so well known that the department wants to transfer him to Public Relations, even while he destroys three police cars in one month and causes a TV station to sue the department.) Callahan is often reprimanded, suspended, and demoted to minor departments. At the start of Magnum Force Lt. Briggs transfers him to stakeout. In The Enforcer Captain McKay assigns him to personnel. In Sudden Impact he is threatened with a transfer to traffic and being fired, in The Enforcer he begins a 180-day suspension imposed by McKay, and in The Dead Pool he is only allowed to stay off desk duty with a new partner. According to film critic Roger Ebert, “it would take an hour in each of these movies to explain why he’s not in jail”.[3]

The films routinely depict Callahan as being a skilled marksman and strong hand-to-hand combatant, killing at least one man with his bare hands. He is a multiple winner of the SFPD’s pistol championship. In the five films, Callahan is shown killing a combined total of 43 criminals, mostly with his trademark revolver, a Smith & Wesson Model 29 .44 Magnum, which he describes as “the most powerful handgun in the world”. He refuses to join the secret police death squad in Magnum Force, as he prefers the present system, despite its flaws, to the vigilante alternative. In his fight against criminals, however, including the fellow officers on the death squad, Callahan is merciless and shows no hesitation or remorse at killing them.

In Dirty Harry, several explanations are suggested for his nickname. When his partner Chico Gonzalez asks of its origins, Frank DiGiorgio says that “that’s one thing about our Harry; [he] doesn’t play any favorites. Harry hates everybody: Limeys, Micks, Hebes, Fat Dagos, Niggers, Honkies, Chinks, you name it,” even though DiGiorgio was joking; Callahan is not a racist. After being called to talk down a jumper, Callahan states he is known as Dirty Harry because he is assigned to “every dirty job that comes along”. When Harry is ordered to deliver ransom money to Scorpio, Gonzalez opines “no wonder they call him Dirty Harry; [he] always gets the shit end of the stick”. In Dirty Harry, Gonzalez humorously suggests that Callahan’s nickname may have an alternate origin given that he twice ends up peeking through a naked woman’s window and later follows a suspect into a strip club.

The films reveal little about Callahan’s personal background. In the first film, Callahan tells Chico Gonzalez’s wife that his wife was killed by a drunk driver. She appears in Magnum Force in an old photograph which Harry turns around. The doctor tending to him after the first film’s bank robbery intimates that “us Potrero Hill boys gotta stick together”. The first film’s novelization explains that Callahan grew up in this neighborhood and describes a hostile relationship between the police and the residents. Callahan recalls once throwing a brick at a cop, who picked it up and threw it back at him. The following sequels show that Harry lives within the city limits in a small studio apartment on Jackson St. in the Nob Hill area, so unfamiliar with his neighbors that they refer to him only as “the cop who lives upstairs”. In Magnum Force Harry’s friend Charlie McCoy says “We should have done our 20 in the Marines”, indicating that they served (or could/should have served) together in the armed forces. In The Dead Pool, a coffee mug on Harry’s desk at the police station bears the United States Marine Corps seal and in The Enforcer he is already checked out on the LAWS rocket, a USMC weapon. His hobbies appear to consist of target shooting and playing pool (which we see him doing in The Enforcer). He appears to subsist on a diet of only hot dogs, hamburgers and strong black coffee which he takes without sugar and is so unchanging that he simply orders ‘The usual’ from the staff of his regular eateries (in The Dead Pool he samples his girlfriend’s unknown dessert but doesn’t have one himself). He drinks beer (and on one occasion apple juice) and both runs and weightlifts in the gym. In Sudden Impact he acquires a pet bulldog called ‘Meathead’ but there is no sign of him in The Dead Pool.

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What was the cost of a banana sold at the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition?

What was the cost of a banana sold at the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition? – Brita.sites

Monday, October 23, 2017

8:32 PM

Clipped from: http://quizlet.fyi/live/now/answer-which-writer-penned-the-worlds-longest-running-play-in-history/

· 2 cents

· ½ cent

· 10 cents

· 5 cents

What was the cost of a banana sold at the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition?

10 cents – 35.4% correct

Bananas made their debut to the American public at the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition. For the price of 10 cents, Americans got a foil-wrapped banana. Before this official introduction, bananas were rarely seen, usually coming to the U.S. on the decks of sailing ships as souvenirs taken by sailors traveling in the Caribbean. The yellow banana so popular today is a crossbreed of the red and green bananas, developed by Jean Poujot in 1836. Source: BananasWeb.com

The Centennial International Exhibition of 1876, the first official World’s Fair in the United States, was held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from May 10 to November 10, 1876, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia. Officially named the International Exhibition of Arts, Manufactures and Products of the Soil and Mine, it was held in Fairmount Park along the Schuylkill River on fairgrounds designed by Herman J. Schwarzmann. Nearly 10 million visitors attended the exhibition and thirty-seven countries participated in it.


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Ans: According to a book that topped the New York Times Best Seller list in 1982, real men don’t eat what?

Ans: According to a book that topped the New York Times Best Seller list in 1982, real men don’t eat what?

Best Sellers – The New York Times

Saturday, October 21, 2017

7:09 PM

Clipped from: https://www.nytimes.com/books/best-sellers/

Authoritatively ranked lists of books sold in the United States, sorted by format and genre.

This copy is for your personal, noncommercial use only.

Best Sellers Lists Navigation

See previous Best Seller list

October 29, 2017

See next Best Seller list


2 weeks on the list


by Dan Brown

A symbology professor goes on a perilous quest with a beautiful museum director.



2 weeks on the list


by Rupi Kaur

A new collection of poetry from the author of "Milk and Honey."



New this week


by Danielle Steel

Camille Lammenais returns from college to manage her family’s winery in Napa Valley and is forced to deal with tragedy and unexpected dangers.



63 weeks on the list


by Kristin Hannah

Two sisters are separated in World War II France: one in the countryside, the other in Paris.



10 weeks on the list


by Stephen King

The fears of seven teenagers are rekindled in their adult lives by the terrifying title character. Originally published in 1986.


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Ans: Who holds the record for the first completed solo journey around the world in a hot air balloon?

Ans: Who holds the record for the first completed solo journey around the world in a hot air balloon?

Who holds the record for the first completed solo journey around the world in a hot air balloon?

Steven Fossett 63.2% correct

Steven Fossett was born in Jackson, Tennessee on April 22, 1944. He made his fortune by trading futures and alternatives on the Chicago markets with a brokerage business. He used his fortune to set world records in numerous adventurous pursuits, such as gets, ballooning, sailing, gliders and watercrafts. The National Aviation Hall of Fame inducted him in July 2007. He stated then that he had more flying adventures he wanted to complete in his lifetime. Unfortunately, in September 2007, his plane vanished over the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Source: SteveFossett.com

Gene Robinson 10.3% incorrect
Vincent Flowers 7.30% incorrect
Alexander Winton 19.2% incorrect

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Ans: Which actor is a devout Buddhist who has studied with the Dalai Lama?

Which actor is a devout Buddhist who has studied with the Dalai Lama?

Richard Gere: My Journey as a Buddhist – Lion’s Roar

Saturday, October 21, 2017

4:04 AM

Clipped from: https://www.lionsroar.com/richard-gere-my-journey-as-a-buddhist/

Richard Gere. Photo via Montclair Film Festival.

In this 1999 interview, Richard Gere talks about his many years of Buddhist practice, his devotion to his teacher the Dalai Lama, and his work for Tibetan freedom.

I suppose it’s a sign of our current cynicism that we find it hard to believe celebrities can also be serious people. The recent prominence of “celebrity Buddhists” has brought some snide comments in the press, and even among Buddhists, but personally I am very appreciative of the actors, directors, musicians and other public figures who have brought greater awareness to the cause of Tibetan freedom and the value of Buddhist practice. These are fine artists and thoughtful people, some Buddhists, some not, among them Martin Scorsese, Leonard Cohen, Adam Yauch, Michael Stipe, Patti Smith, and of course, Richard Gere. I met Gere at his office in New York recently, and we talked about his many years of Buddhist practice, his devotion to his teacher the Dalai Lama, and his work on behalf of the dharma and the cause of the Tibetan people. —Melvin McLeod

Melvin McLeod: What was your first encounter with Buddhism?

Richard Gere: I have two flashes. One, when I actually encountered the written dharma, and two, when I met a teacher. But before that, I was engaged in philosophical pursuit in school. So I came to it through Western philosophers, basically Bishop Berkeley.

Melvin McLeod: “If a tree falls in the forest and no one hears it, did it really happen?”

Richard Gere: Yes. Subjective idealism was his thesis—reality is a function of mind. It was basically the “mind only” school that he was preaching. Quite radical, especially for a priest. I was quite taken with him. The existentialists were also interesting to me. I remember carrying around a copy of Being and Nothingness, without knowing quite why I was doing it. Later I realized that “nothingness” was not the appropriate word. “Emptiness” was really what they were searching for—not a nihilistic view but a positive one.

My first encounter with Buddhist dharma would be in my early twenties. I think like most young men I was not particularly happy. I don’t know if I was suicidal, but I was pretty unhappy, and I had questions like, “Why anything?” Realizing I was probably pushing the edges of my own sanity, I was exploring late-night bookshops reading everything I could, in many different directions. Evans-Wentz’s books on Tibetan Buddhism had an enormous impact on me. I just devoured them.

Melvin McLeod: So many of us were inspired by those books. What did you find in them that appealed to you?

Richard Gere: They had all the romance of a good novel, so you could really bury yourself in them, but at the same time, they offered the possibility that you could live here and be free at the same time. I hadn’t even considered that as a possibility—I just wanted out—so the idea that you could be here and be out at the same time—emptiness—was revolutionary.

So the Buddhist path, particularly the Tibetan approach, was obviously drawing me, but the first tradition that I became involved in was Zen. My first teacher was Sasaki Roshi. I remember going out to L.A. for a three day sesshin [Zen meditation program]. I prepared myself by stretching my legs for months and months so I could get through it.

I had a kind of magical experience with Sasaki Roshi, a reality experience. I realized, this is work, this is work. It’s not about flying through the air; it’s not about any of the magic or the romance. It’s serious work on your mind. That was an important part of the path for me.

The Dalai Lama playfully squeezes Richard Gere’s nose at “Power and Care,” a conference hosted by the Mind and Life Institute in Brussels, in September of 2016. Photo by Olivier Adam.

Sasaki Roshi was incredibly tough and very kind at the same time. I was a total neophyte and didn’t know anything. I was cocky and insecure and fucked up. But within that I was serious about wanting to learn. It got to the point at the end of the sesshin where I wouldn’t even go to the dokusan [interview with the Zen master]. I felt I was so ill-equipped to deal with the koans that they had to drag me in. Finally, it got to where I would just sit there, and I remember him smiling at that point. “Now we can start working,” he said. There was nothing to say—no bullshit, nothing.

His Holiness the Dalai Lama looked very deeply into my eyes and just started laughing. Hysterically. He was laughing at the idea that I would believe emotions are real.

Melvin McLeod: When someone has such a strong intuitive connection, Buddhism suggests that it’s because of karma, some past connection with the teachings.

Richard Gere: Well, I’ve asked teachers about that—you know, what led me to this? They’d just laugh at me, like I thought there was some decision to it or it was just chance. Well, karma doesn’t work that way. Obviously there’s some very clear and definite connection with the Tibetans or this would not have happened. My life would not have expressed itself this way.

His Holiness looked very deeply into my eyes and just started laughing. Hysterically. He was laughing at the idea that I would believe emotions are real, that I would work very hard to believe in anger and hatred and sadness and pain and suffering.

I think I’ve always felt that practice was my real life. I remember when I was just starting to practice meditation—24 years old, trying to come to grips with my life. I was holed up in my shitty little apartment for months at a time, just doing tai chi and doing my best to do sitting practice. I had a very clear feeling that I’d always been in meditation, that I’d never left meditation. That it was a much more substantial reality than what we normally take to be reality. That was very clear to me even then, but it’s taken me this long in my life to bring it out into the world more, through more time practicing, watching my mind, trying to generate bodhicitta [awakened mind and heart] .

Melvin McLeod: When did you meet the Dalai Lama for the first time?

Richard Gere: I had been a Zen student for five or six years before I met His Holiness in India. We started out with a little small talk and then he said, “Oh, so you’re an actor?” He thought about that a second, and then he said, “So when you do this acting and you’re angry, are you really angry? When you’re acting sad, are you really sad? When you cry, are you really crying?” I gave him some kind of actor answer, like it was more effective if you really believed in the emotion that you were portraying. He looked very deeply into my eyes and just started laughing. Hysterically. He was laughing at the idea that I would believe emotions are real, that I would work very hard to believe in anger and hatred and sadness and pain and suffering.

That first meeting took place in Dharmsala in a room where I see him quite often now. I can’t say that the feeling has changed drastically. I am still incredibly nervous and project all kinds of things on him, which he’s used to at this point. He cuts through all that stuff very quickly, because his vows are so powerful, so all-encompassing, that he is very effective and skillful at getting to the point. Because the only reason anyone would want to see him is that they want to remove suffering from their consciousness.

It completely changed my life the first time I was in the presence of His Holiness. No question about it. It wasn’t like I felt, “Oh, I’m going to give away all my possessions and go to the monastery now,” but it quite naturally felt that this was what I was supposed to do—work with these teachers, work within this lineage, learn whatever I could, bring myself to it. In spite of varying degrees of seriousness and commitment since then, I haven’t really fallen out of that path.

Photo by Jonathan Khoo.

Melvin McLeod: Does His Holiness work with you personally, cutting your neuroses in the many ways that Buddhist teachers do, or does he teach you more by the example of his being?

Richard Gere: There’s no question that His Holiness is my root guru, and he’s been quite tough with me at times. I’ve had to explain to people who sometimes have quite a romantic vision of His Holiness that at times he’s been cross with me, but it was very skillful. At the moment he did it, I’m not saying it was pleasant for me, but there was no ego attachment from his side. I’m very thankful that he trusts me enough to be the mirror for me and not pull any punches. Mind you, the first meetings were not that way; I think he was aware how fragile I was and was being very careful. Now I think he senses that my seriousness about the teachings has increased and my own strength within the teachings has increased. He can be much tougher on me.

Melvin McLeod: The Gelugpa school of Tibetan Buddhism puts a strong emphasis on analysis. What drew you to the more intellectual approach?

Richard Gere: Yeah, it’s funny. I think what I probably would have been drawn to instinctively was Dzogchen [the Great Perfection teachings of the Nyingma school]. I think the instinct that drew me to Zen is the same one that would have taken me to Dzogchen.

Melvin McLeod: Space.

Richard Gere: The non-conceptual. Just go right to the non-conceptual space. Recently I’ve had some Dzogchen teachers who’ve been kind enough to help me, and I see how Dzogchen empowers much of the other forms of meditation that I practice. Many times Dzogchen has really zapped me into a fresh vision and allowed me to see a kind of limited track that I was falling into through conditioning and basic laziness.

But overall, I think the wiser choice for me is to work with the Gelugpas, although space is space wherever it is. I think the analytical approach—kind of finding the non-boundaries of that space—is important. In a way, one gets stability from being able to order the rational mind. When space is not there for you, the intellectual work will still keep you buoyed up. I still find myself in situations where my emotions are out of control and the anger comes up, and it’s very difficult to enter pure white space at that point. So the analytical approach to working with the mind is enormously helpful. It’s something very clear to fall back on and very stabilizing.

Melvin McLeod: What was the progression of practices for you, to the extent that you can talk about it, after you entered the vajrayana path?

Richard Gere: I’m a little hesitant to talk about this because, one, I don’t claim to know much, and two, being a celebrity these things get quoted out of context and sometimes it’s not beneficial. I can say that whatever forms of meditation I’ve taken on, they still involve the basic forms of refuge, generation of bodhicitta and dedication of merit to others. Whatever level of the teachings that my teachers allow me to hear, they still involve these basic forms.

Overall, tantra has become less romantic to me. It seems more familiar. That’s an interesting stage in the process, when that particular version of reality becomes more normal. I’m not saying it’s normal, in the sense of ordinary or mundane, but I can sense it being as normal as what I took to be reality before. I can trust that.

Melvin McLeod: What dharma books have meant a lot to you?

Richard Gere: People are always asking me what Buddhist books I would recommend. I always suggest Zen Mind, Beginner’s Mind to someone who says, “How can I start?” I’ll always include something by His Holiness. His book Kindness, Clarity and Compassion is extraordinarily good. There’s wonderful stuff in there. Jeffrey Hopkins’ The Tantric Distinction is very helpful. There are so many.

Melvin McLeod: You go to India often. Does that give you the opportunity to practice in a less distracted environment?

Richard Gere: Actually it’s probably more distracting! When I go there, I’m just a simple student like everyone else, but I’m also this guy who can help. When I’m in India there are a lot of people who require help and it’s very difficult to say no. So it’s not the quietest time in my life, but just being in an environment where everyone is focusing on the dharma and where His Holiness is the center of that focus is extraordinary.

Melvin McLeod: When you’re in Dharmsala do you have the opportunity to study with the Dalai Lama or other teachers there?

Richard Gere: I’ll try to catch up with all my teachers. Some of them are hermits up in the hills, but they come down when His Holiness gives teachings. It’s a time to catch up on all of it, and just remember. For me, it means remembering. Life here is an incredible distraction and it’s very easy to get off track. Going there is an opportunity to remember, literally, what the mission is, why we’re here.

I need life telling me who I am, showing me my mind constantly.

Melvin McLeod: Here you’re involved in a world of film-making that people think of as extremely consuming, high-powered, even cut-throat.

Richard Gere: That’s all true. But it’s like everyone else’s life, too. It just gets into the papers, that’s all. It’s the same emotions. The same suffering. The same issues. No difference.

Melvin McLeod: Do you find that you have a slightly split quality to your life, going back and forth between these worlds?

Richard Gere: I find that more and more my involvement in a career, in a normal householder life, is a great challenge for deepening the teachings inside of me. If I weren’t out in the marketplace, there’s no way I would be able to really face the nooks and crannies and darkness inside of me. I just wouldn’t see it. I’m not that tough; I’m not that smart. I need life telling me who I am, showing me my mind constantly. I wouldn’t see it in a cave. The problem with me is I would probably just find some blissful state, if I could, and stay there. That would be death. I don’t want that. As I said, I’m not an extraordinary practitioner. I know pretty much who I am. It’s good for me to be in the world.

Richard Gere at a “Save Tibet” rally at Lafayette Park, in Washington, DC, in October 1997. Photo by Elvert Xavier.

Melvin McLeod: Are there any specific ways you try to bring dharma into your work, beyond working with your mind and trying to be a decent human being?

Richard Gere: Well, that’s a lot! That’s serious shit.

Melvin McLeod: That’s true. But those are the challenges we all face. I was just wondering if you try to bring a Buddhist perspective to the specific world of film?

Richard Gere: In film, we’re playing with something that literally fragments reality, and being aware of the fragmentation of time and space I think lends itself to the practice, to loosening the mind. There is nothing real about film. Nothing. Even the light particles that project the film can’t be proven to exist. Nothing is there. We know that when we’re making it; we’re the magicians doing the trick. But even we get caught up in thinking that it is all real—that these emotions are real, that this object really exists, that the camera is picking up some reality.

On the other hand, there is some magical sense that the camera sees more than our eyes do. It sees into people in a way that we don’t normally. So there’s a vulnerability to being in front of the camera that one doesn’t have to endure in normal life. There’s a certain amount of pressure and stress in that. You are being seen, you are really being seen, and there is no place to hide.

Melvin McLeod: But there’s no way you actually work with the product to…?

Richard Gere: You mean teaching through that? Well, I think these things are far too mysterious to ever do that consciously, no. Undoubtedly, as ill-equipped to be a good student as I am, I’ve had a lot of teachings, and some have stuck. Somehow they do communicate—not because of me, but despite me. So I think there is value there. It’s the same as everyone: whatever positive energies have touched them in myriad lifetimes are going to come through somehow. When you look into their eyes, when the camera comes in for a closeup, there’s something there that is mysterious. There’s no way you can write it, there’s no way you can plan it, but a camera will pick it up in a different way than someone does sitting across the table.
I’m lost like everyone else. So I’m certainly not a leader. …I talk about these things, but only in the sense that this is what my teachers have given me.

Melvin McLeod: How comfortable are you with your role as the spokesman for the dharma?

Richard Gere: For the dharma? I’ve never, ever accepted that, and I never will. I’m not a spokesman for dharma. I lack the necessary qualities.

Melvin McLeod: But you are always being asked in public about being a Buddhist.

Richard Gere: I can talk about that only as a practitioner, from the limited point of view that I have. Although it’s been many years since I started, I can’t say that I know any more now than I did then. I can’t say I have control over my emotions; I don’t know my mind. I’m lost like everyone else. So I’m certainly not a leader. In the actual course of things, I talk about these things, but only in the sense that this is what my teachers have given me. Nothing from me.

Melvin McLeod: When you are asked about Buddhism, are there certain themes you return to that you feel are helpful, such as compassion?

Richard Gere: Absolutely. I will probably discuss wisdom and compassion in some form, that there are two poles we are here to explore—expanding our minds and expanding our hearts. At some point hopefully being able to encompass the entire universe inside mind, and the same thing with heart, with compassion, hopefully both at the same time. Inseparable.

I’ve seen His Holiness give bodhicitta teachings, and no one can walk away without crying. Just thinking about it now, I’m starting to cry.

Melvin McLeod: When you say that, I’m reminded of something that struck me when I saw the Dalai Lama speak. He was teaching about compassion, as he so often does, but I couldn’t help but wonder what would happen if he spoke more to a wider audience about the Buddhist understanding of wisdom, that is, emptiness. I just wondered what would happen if this revered spiritual leader said to the world, well, you know, all of this doesn’t really exist in any substantive way.

Richard Gere: Well, the Buddha had many turnings of the wheel of dharma, and I think His Holiness functions in the same way. If we are so lost in our animal natures, the best way to start to get out of that is to learn to be kind. Someone asked His Holiness, how can you teach a child to care about and respect living things? He said, see if you can get them to love and respect an insect, something we instinctively are repulsed by. If they can see its basic sentience, its potential, the fullness of what it is, with basic kindness, then that’s a huge step.

Melvin McLeod: I was just reading where the Dalai Lama said that he thinks mother’s love is the best symbol for love and compassion, because it is totally disinterested.

Richard Gere: Nectar. Nectar is that! [In Vajrayana practice, spiritual blessings are visualized as nectar descending on the meditator.] That’s mother’s milk; that’s coming right from mom. Absolutely.

Melvin McLeod: Although you are cautious in speaking about the dharma, you are a passionate spokesman on the issue of freedom for Tibet.

Richard Gere: I’ve gone through a lot of different phases with that. The anger that I might have felt twenty years ago is quite different now. We’re all in the same boat here, all of us—Hitler, the Chinese, you, me, what we did in Central America. No one is devoid of the ignorance that causes all these problems. If anything, the Chinese are just creating the cause of horrendous future lifetimes for themselves, and one cannot fail to be compassionate towards them for that.

When I talk to Tibetans who were in solitary confinement for twenty or twenty-five years, they say to me, totally from their heart, that the issue is larger than what they suffered at the hands of their torturer, and that they feel pity and compassion for this person who was acting out animal nature. To be in the presence of that kind of wisdom of heart and mind—you can never go back after that.

Melvin McLeod: It is remarkable that an entire people, generally, is imbued with a spirit like that.

Richard Gere: I’m convinced that it is because it was state-oriented. Obviously, problems come with that, with no separation of church and state. But I am convinced that the great dharma kings manifested to actually create a society based on these ideas. Their institutions were designed to create good-hearted people; everything in the society was there to feed it. That became decadent—there were bad periods, there were good periods, whatever. But the gist of the society was to create good-hearted people, bodhisattvas, to create a very strong environment where people could achieve enlightenment. Imagine that in America! I mean, we have no structure for enlightenment. We have a very strong Christian heritage and Jewish heritage, one of compassion, one of altruism. Good people. But we have very little that encourages enlightenment—total liberation.

Melvin McLeod: Looking at how human rights violations have come to the forefront of world consciousness, such as in Tibet and South Africa before that, the work of celebrities such as yourself who have been able to use their fame skillfully has been an important factor.

Richard Gere: I hope that’s true. It’s kind of you to say. It’s an odd situation. Previously I’d worked on Central America and some other political and human rights issues, and got to know the ropes a bit in working with Congress and the State Department. But that didn’t really apply to this situation. Tibet was too far away, and there had been extremely limited American involvement there.

I found also that the question of His Holiness in terms of a political movement was very tricky. It’s a non-violent movement, which is a problem in itself—you don’t get headlines with nonviolence. And His Holiness doesn’t see himself as Gandhi; he doesn’t create dramatic, operatic situations.

So we’ve ended up taking a much steadier kind of approach. It’s not about drama. It’s about, little by little, building truth, and I think it’s probably been deeper because of that. The senators, congressmen, legislators and parliamentarians who have got involved go way beyond what they would normally give to a cause they believed in.

I think a lot of what we have done is just putting His Holiness in situations where he could touch as many people as possible, which he does every time with impeccable bodhicitta.

I think the universality of His Holiness’ words and teachings have made this so much bigger than just Tibet. When His Holiness won the Nobel Peace Prize, there was a quantum leap. He is not seen as solely a Tibetan anymore; he belongs to the world. We were talking before about what the camera picks up—just a picture of His Holiness seems to communicate so much. Just to see his face. It’s arresting, and at the same time it’s opening. You can imagine what it would have been like to see the Buddha. Just to see his face would put you so many steps ahead. I think a lot of what we have done is just putting His Holiness in situations where he could touch as many people as possible, which he does every time with impeccable bodhicitta.

I keep saying Tibet will be taken care of in the process, but it’s about saving every sentient being, and as long as we keep our eyes on that prize, Tibet will be all right. Of course there are immediate issues to deal with in Tibet. We work on those all the time. Although we had reason to believe a more open communication with the Chinese was evolving, the optimism generated by Clinton’s visit to China has not panned out. In fact, the Tibetans, as well as the pro-democracy Chinese, are experiencing the most repressive period since the late eighties, since Tienanmen Square.

Melvin McLeod: I’m always impressed with a point the Dalai Lama makes which is very similar to what my own teacher, Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche, presented in the Shambhala teachings. That is the need for a universal spirituality based on simple truths of human nature that transcends any particular religion, or the need for formalized religion at all. This strikes me as an extraordinarily important message.

Richard Gere: Well, I think it’s true. His Holiness says that what we all have in common is an appreciation of kindness and compassion; all the religions have this. Love. We all lean towards love.

Melvin McLeod: But even beyond that, he points out that billions of people don’t practice a religion at all.

Richard Gere: But they have the religion of kindness. They do. Everyone responds to kindness.

Melvin McLeod: It’s fascinating that a major religious leader espouses in effect a religion of no religion.

Richard Gere: Sure, that’s what makes him larger than Tibet.

Melvin McLeod: It makes him larger than Buddhism.

Richard Gere: Much larger. The Buddha was larger than Buddhism.

Melvin McLeod: You are able to sponsor a number of projects in support of the dharma and of Tibetan independence.

Richard Gere: I’m in kind of a unique position in that I do have some cash in my foundation, so I’m able to offer some front money to various groups to help them get projects started. Sponsoring dharma books is important to me—translation, publishing—but I think the most important thing I can do is help sponsor teachings. To work with His Holiness and help sponsor teachings in Mongolia, India, the United States and elsewhere-nothing gives me more joy.

The program we’re doing this summer is four days of teachings by the Dalai Lama in New York. August 12 to 14 will be the formal teaching by His Holiness on Kamalashila’s “Middle-length Stages of Meditation” and “The Thirty-seven Practices of the Bodhisattvas.” That’s at the Beacon Theater and there are about 3,000 tickets available. I’m sure those will sell quickly. If people can’t get into that, there’s going to be a free public teaching in Central Park on the fifteenth. We’re guessing there will be space for twenty-five to forty thousand people, so whoever wants to come will be able to. His Holiness will give a teaching on the Eight Verses of Mind Training, a very powerful lojong teaching, one of my favorites actually. Then His Holiness will give a wang, a long life empowerment of White Tara.

I’ve seen His Holiness give bodhicitta teachings like these, and no one can walk away without crying. He touches so deep into the heart. He gave a teaching in Bodh Gaya last year on Khunu Lama’s “In Praise of Bodhicitta,” which is a long poem. Just thinking about it now, I’m starting to cry. So beautiful. When he was teaching on Kunu Lama’s “In Praise of Bodhicitta,” whooosh! We were inside his heart, in the most extraordinary way. A place you can’t be told about, you can’t read about, nothing. You’re in the presence of Buddha. I’ve had a lot of teachers who give wonderful teachings on wisdom, but to see someone who really, really has the big bodhicitta, real expanded bodhicittas.

So those are the teachings that I believe His Holiness is here to give. That’s what touches.

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Under what name was the beloved Halloween candy “candy corn” originally marketed? | Quizlet Flashcards

Under what name was the beloved Halloween candy “candy corn” originally marketed? | Quizlet Flashcards

Thursday, October 19, 2017

8:19 PM

Clipped from: http://quizlet.fyi/live/now/under-what-name-was-the-beloved-halloween-candy-candy-corn-originally-marketed/

Fun Facts About Candy Corn

When the Goelitz Confectionery Company first produced candy corn, it was called "Chicken Feed." The boxes were illustrated with a colorful rooster logo and a tag line that read: "Something worth crowing for."
You don’t have to wait for Halloween to indulge in the mellow creme candies — celebrate National Candy Corn Day on October 30.

According to the National Confectioners Association, more than 35 million pounds (or 9 billion pieces) of candy corn will be produced this year.

Candy corn is one of the better-for-you candies of the Halloween season. It contains roughly 28 grams of sugar and only 140 calories per heaping handful — and it’s fat free!

In 1950, the price of candy corn was just 25 cents per pound.

In honor of its Goelitz roots, Jelly Belly developed a candy corn-flavor jelly bean.

Once the package is opened, store candy corn covered and away from heat and light at room temperature; it should last three to six months. If unopened, packaged candy corn will last about nine months.

· Halloween Corn

· Chicken Feed

· Ears of Candy

· Corny Delights

· Halloween Corn 17.2%

· Chicken Feed 47.0%

When it was originally marketed, candy corn appeared under the name "Chicken Feed." But the little candy morsels proved so popular that the candy conglomerate, Goelitz Candy Company, negotiated to take over the mass production of what would become an American favorite. Once it won the right to produce the seasonal treat, the Goelitz Company changed the name to candy corn. Today’s recipe for the sweet seasonal treat is pretty much unchanged from its first original recipe. The main ingredients are honey, sugar and cornstarch. Source: Chiff.com

· Ears of Candy 13.4%

· Corny Delights 22.4%

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What did the United States buy for $7.2 million in 1867? | Quizlet Flashcards

What did the United States buy for $7.2 million in 1867? | Quizlet Flashcards

Wednesday, October 18, 2017

5:49 PM

Clipped from: http://quizlet.fyi/live/now/what-did-the-united-states-buy-for-7-2-million-in-1867/

· Guam

· Hawaii

· Puerto Rico

· Alaska

Answer: On this day in 1867, the U.S. formally took possession of Alaska after purchasing the territory from Russia for $7.2 million, or less than two cents an acre. The Alaska purchase comprised 586,412 square miles, about twice the size of Texas, and was championed by William Henry Seward, the enthusiasticly expansionist secretary of state under President Andrew Johnson. At the time, critics thought Seward was crazy and called the deal "Seward’s folly." The Senate ratified the treaty that approved the purchase by just one vote.

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In what U.S. city were 29,000 carved pumpkin jack-o-lanterns lit on Halloween night in 2006? | Quizlet Flashcards

In what U.S. city were 29,000 carved pumpkin jack-o-lanterns lit on Halloween night in 2006? | Quizlet Flashcards

Clipped from: http://quizlet.fyi/live/now/in-what-u-s-city-were-29000-carved-pumpkin-jack-o-lanterns-lit-on-halloween-night-in-2006/

• Chicago, IL

• Dallas, TX

• Boston, MA

• Seattle, WA

• Adrienne Daydrem, USA 15.3%

· Virgil Worthington, U.K. 18.3%

· Carlos Santiago, Spain 17.2%

· Stephen Clarke, USA 49.2%

The fastest time recorded for carving a pumpkin is 16.47 seconds, a feat achieved by Stephen Clarke in New York City on the morning of Oct. 31, 2013. Clarke broke his own previous record carving time of only 24.03 seconds. He also held the record before that, at a lengthy 54.72 seconds. In order to qualify for the record, the pumpkin that’s carved must weigh less than 24 pounds. The finished result must have a minimum of two eyes, a nose, ears and a mouth. Source: GuinnessWorldRecords.com

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Ans Who was a governor of Arkansas before becoming president of the United States?

Timeline: President Bill Clinton Through the Years: His Life, Presidency and Post-Presidency – ABC News

Monday, October 16, 2017

12:45 AM

Bill Clinton dubbed himself "the comeback kid," and he proved it over and over by overcoming a difficult childhood, political setbacks and heart bypass surgery.

He remained popular personally even though his career was tainted by scandal.

Before being taken to the Columbia Campus of New York Presbyterian Hospital with chest discomfort, he had been working overtime as the U.N. special envoy to Haiti following the devastating earthquake there on Jan. 12, 2010.



Following are some of the key dates in Clinton’s life:

Early Life

Aug. 19, 1946 — Clinton is born William Jefferson Blythe IV in Hope, Ark., after his father dies in a traffic accident. He later takes the last name of his stepfather, Roger Clinton.

July 24, 1963 — As a high school student and delegate to the American Legion Boys Nation, Clinton meets President John F. Kennedy in the White House Rose Garden and is photographed shaking Kennedy’s hand.

1968 — Wins a Rhodes Scholarship to attend Oxford University in England.

1968 — Earns bachelor’s degree from Georgetown University School of Foreign Service.

1973 — Earns a law degree from Yale University. Takes teaching job at University of Arkansas Law School.

Enters Politics

1974 — Clinton loses an Arkansas congressional race to incumbent Republican Rep. John Paul Hammerschmidt.

Oct. 11, 1975 — Marries Hillary Rodham in Fayetteville, Ark.

1976 — Elected attorney general of Arkansas.

Nov. 7, 1978 — Elected governor of Arkansas, defeating Republican Lynn Lowe.

Feb. 27, 1980 — Hillary Rodham Clinton gives birth to the couple’s only child, Chelsea.

Nov. 4, 1980 — Loses re-election bid as Arkansas governor. Takes job at private law firm.

Nov. 2, 1982 — Re-elected governor of Arkansas, defeating Republican Gov. Frank D. White in rematch of 1980 race.

Presidential Ambitions

Oct. 3, 1991 — Amid his fifth term as governor of Arkansas, Clinton declares he’s running for president.

Feb. 18, 1992 — After damage from scandals including accusations of draft dodging during the Vietnam War and claims of an extramarital affair, Clinton finishes second in the New Hampshire Democratic primary and declares, "New Hampshire tonight has made Bill Clinton the comeback kid."

June 2, 1992 — Wraps up the Democratic nomination for president.

July 16, 1992 — Clinton officially becomes the party’s candidate for president at the Democratic National Convention in New York. Sen. Al Gore, D-Tenn., is his running mate.

Nov. 3, 1992 — Garners 43 percent of the popular vote and 370 electoral votes to defeat President George H.W. Bush and independent candidate Ross Perot. Democrats maintain their majority in both houses of Congress.

President Clinton

Jan. 20, 1993 — Clinton is sworn in as the 42nd president of the United States.

Jan. 22, 1993 — Signs orders overturning Reagan- and Bush-era restrictions on abortions.

Feb. 5, 1993 — Signs his first law, the Family and Medical Leave Act, which allows workers at large companies to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave to attend to family concerns.

April 19, 1993 — Attorney General Janet Reno authorizes a federal raid to end a standoff at the compound of a Waco, Texas, cult, resulting in a fire and dozens of deaths.

July 19, 1993 — After disputes over whether to allow homosexuals to serve in the military, Clinton proposes a "don’t ask, don’t tell" compromise with military leaders. The policy allows homosexuals to serve in the military if they do not reveal their homosexuality and refrain from homosexual conduct.

July 20, 1993 — White House attorney Vince Foster is found dead.

Aug. 10, 1993 — Clinton signs first federal budget — which calls for reducing spending and increasing taxes to reduce the deficit — after it narrowly gained Congressional approval.

Aug. 10, 1993 — Ruth Bader Ginsburg sworn in to replace Justice Byron White, becoming the second woman to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court.

Sept. 13, 1993 — Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization sign peace accord at the White House outlining limited Palestinian self-rule in Israeli-occupied territories.

Sept. 21, 1993 — Signs legislation establishing the AmeriCorps program, which allows people to volunteer for national service and earn money for college.

Oct. 3, 1993 — Eighteen U.S. soldiers, part of a peacekeeping and humanitarian force sent to Somalia by President Bush, are killed after coming under fire.

Nov. 30, 1993 — Clinton signs the Brady Bill, imposing a waiting period and background checks for purchasing handguns.

Dec 8, 1993 — Signs the North American Free Trade Agreement, which reduces tariffs and other trade barriers between North American nations.

Under Investigation

Jan. 20, 1994 — Reno names Robert Fiske as independent counsel to investigate questions surrounding the Clintons’ real-estate investment in the Whitewater Development Corporation.

March 1994 — Withdraws U.S. troops from Somalia.

May 6, 1994 — Paula Jones files a civil lawsuit, later dismissed by a U.S. District Court judge, alleging Clinton made sexual advances toward her in 1991, while he was governor of Arkansas.

July 25, 1994 — At the White House, leaders of Israel and Jordan sign an agreement ending a longstanding state of war between the two nations.

July 29, 1994 — Orders 200 U.S. troops to civil war-torn Rwanda to support humanitarian relief efforts.

Aug. 3, 1994 — Stephen Breyer sworn in to replace Justice Harry Blackmun on the U.S. Supreme Court.

Sept. 13, 1994 — Signs bill banning assault weapons, and funding police hiring and state anti-crime efforts.

Sept. 26, 1994 — Clinton’s universal health care initiative, which was led by Hillary Rodham Clinton, fails in Congress.

Oct. 10, 1994 — Facing a threat from U.S. military forces, Haitian military leader Raoul Cedras yields power to democratically elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.

Oct. 21, 1994 — North Korea agrees to shut down nuclear plants that could produce bomb material in exchange for U.S. help in setting up alternate power supplies.

October 1994 — Withdraws troops from Rwanda.

Nov. 8, 1994 — Republicans gain majorities in both houses of Congress in mid-term elections.

Dec. 8, 1994 — Signs global trade agreement that creates the World Trade Organization.

Road to Re-Election

April 19, 1995 — Bombing at federal building in Oklahoma City kills 168.

Aug. 5, 1995 — United States and Vietnam establish diplomatic relations.

Nov. 21, 1995 — Administration holds peace talks between warring parties in Bosnia, yielding the Dayton peace accord.

Dec. 16, 1995 — The federal government shuts down amid spending and budget disputes between the White House and Congress.

Feb. 8, 1996 — Clinton signs telecommunications deregulation bill.

April 26, 1996 — Following second government shutdown, Clinton and Congress finally agree on a compromise federal budget.

Aug. 6, 1996 — Signs amendments strengthening the Safe Drinking Water Act.

Aug. 22, 1996 — Signs welfare reform bill over the objections of some Democrats. The bill limits lifetime welfare benefits to five years and gives more control to states.

Aug. 28, 1996 — Officially named the presidential nominee at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.

Sept. 3, 1996 — United States launches missiles at Iraq in retaliation for the country’s moves against its Kurdish minority.

Nov. 5, 1996 — Re-elected president with 49 percent of the popular vote and 379 electoral votes, defeating Sen. Bob Dole, R-Kan., and Reform Party candidate Ross Perot.

Re-Elected, Then Rebuked

Jan. 20, 1997 — Clinton sworn in to second term.

Aug. 5, 1997 — After compromise with Republicans, signs tax-relief plan reducing estate and capital gains taxes, increasing cigarette taxes, establishing tax credits for children and college tuition, and creating Roth IRAs.

Jan. 16, 1998 — Kenneth Starr, who replaced Fiske as independent counsel in August 1994, receives permission from Reno to expand his investigation to include a probe of Clinton’s alleged sexual affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky.

Jan. 17, 1998 — Denies sexual relationship with Lewinsky in deposition for Jones lawsuit.

Jan. 26, 1998 — Publicly repeats denials of Lewinsky allegations, saying, "I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky."

April 1, 1998 — U.S. District Court judge dismisses Jones’ lawsuit. She later drops an appeal of the dismissal, agreeing to a financial settlement.

Aug. 7, 1998 — Terrorists bomb U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, killing hundreds and injuring thousands.

Aug. 17, 1998 — Testifies via closed-circuit television from the White House before the federal Whitewater grand jury, becoming the first president to testify before a grand jury in his own defense.

Aug. 20, 1998 — Orders retaliatory missile attacks in response to the embassy bombings. The attacks in Afghanistan and Sudan are said to target Osama bin Laden’s terror network, which is suspected of launching the embassy attacks.

Sept. 9, 1998 — Starr delivers to Congress an explicit report detailing the findings of his years-long investigation into Clinton’s alleged wrongdoing.

Oct. 23, 1998 — Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat reach agreement at Clinton-organized talks in Maryland that Israel will transfer more West Bank territory into Palestinian control in exchange for Palestinian efforts to curb terrorism. However, violence later increases and Israel refuses to transfer the territory.

Oct. 28, 1998 — Announces a $70 billion budget surplus — the first federal surplus since 1969.

Dec. 16, 1998 — Clinton becomes the second U.S. president to be impeached by the House of Representatives.

Economic Success, Outside Controversies

Feb. 12, 1999 — The Senate finds Clinton not guilty on the House’s impeachment charges of perjury and obstruction of justice.

March 24, 1999 — NATO forces, including those from the United States, start bombing Serb military targets in Kosovo.

June 10, 1999 — Negotiators reach international peace plan for Kosovo. NATO suspends bombing campaign.

Oct. 13, 1999 — U.S. Senate refuses to ratify the Clinton-signed Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which would have forbid nuclear weapons testing.

Sept. 2, 1999 — The Clintons purchase a home in Chappaqua, N.Y., north of New York City.

Feb. 4, 2000 — Announces the U.S. economy has set a record for its longest uninterrupted economic expansion.

April 22, 2000 — Federal agents seize Elian Gonzalez, a 6-year-old Cuban refugee boy, in a raid on the Miami home of his relatives. Officials eventually return Gonzalez to his father’s custody in Cuba, angering many U.S.-based Cubans.

July 13, 2000 — United States and Vietnam normalize trade relations.

Oct. 10, 2000 — Clinton signs bill to grant permanent normal trade relations with China.

Oct. 12, 2000 — Terrorists attack the USS Cole in a Yemeni port, blowing a hole in the side of the ship and killing 17 sailors.

Nov. 7, 2000 — Hillary Clinton is elected to represent New York state in the U.S. Senate. Turmoil involving the vote in Florida leaves presidential race between Gore and Republican Texas Gov. George W. Bush unresolved, though Bush eventually emerges as the winner.

Nov. 17, 2000 — Clinton arrives for the first official state visit to Vietnam by a U.S. president.

Jan. 20, 2001 — On his last day in office, Clinton grants pardons to dozens of people, including Marc Rich, a commodities trader living in Switzerland to avoid prosecution on numerous charges.

Elder Statesman

April 2001 — After controversy over the public expense of proposed office space in downtown New York City, Clinton instead opts for less-expensive office space in the Harlem neighborhood.

June 9, 2003 — Hillary Clinton’s memoirs, "Living History," are published.

June 22, 2004 — Clinton’s memoirs, "My Life," are published.

Sept. 6, 2004 — Undergoes heart bypass surgery in New York City.

Fall 2004 — Clinton stumps for unsuccessful Democratic presidential candidate Sen. John Kerry, D-Mass.

Nov. 18, 2004 — Dedication and opening of William J. Clinton Presidential Center and Park in Little Rock, Ark.

December 2004 — Teams with former President George H.W. Bush to lead the U.S. response to the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean.

May 3, 2005 — Joins forces with a fellow former Arkansas governor, Mike Huckabee, a Republican, and the American Heart Association to launch a campaign against childhood obesity.

Dec. 27, 2005 — Clinton and President George H.W. Bush are named ABC News’ people of the year for their relief efforts on behalf of victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami and Hurricane Katrina.

February 2006 — Tours India as part of his efforts to fight world AIDS.

Jan. 26, 2008 — Sparks controversy by explaining Barack Obama’s success in the South Carolina Democratic presidential primary against his wife, Hillary Clinton, by citing an earlier African-American candidate’s record there: "Jesse Jackson won South Carolina in ’84 and ’88. Jackson ran a good campaign. And Obama ran a good campaign here."

July-August 2008 — Tours African nations with daughter Chelsea Clinton to observe humanitarian work by the Clinton Foundation.

May 19, 2009 — Appointed the United Nations special envoy to Haiti.

Aug. 4, 2009 — Returns from a surprise trip to North Korea after securing the release of jailed U.S. journalists Laura Ling and Euna Lee.

Jan. 12, 2010 — Major earthquake strikes Haiti, to which Clinton is the U.N. special envoy.

Jan. 16, 2010 — President Obama officially enlists former presidents Clinton and George W. Bush to lead an ongoing American effort to help Haiti recover from a devastating earthquake four days before. Clinton soon visits Haiti for a firsthand look at the destruction.

Feb. 5, 2010 — Pays a second visit to Haiti after being asked by the U.N. secretary-general to coordinate all international earthquake assistance to the beleaguered island nation.

Feb. 11, 2010 — Has two stents placed in his coronary artery at the Columbia Campus of New York Presbyterian Hospital after feeling discomfort in his chest.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

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Which is the name of a dance club famous for its large number of celebrity patrons in the 1970s?

Which is the name of a dance club famous for its large number of celebrity patrons in the 1970s?

  • Studio 44
  • Studio 99
  • Studio 54
  • Studio 21

Answer: Studio 54 is a former nightclub located on 54th Street in New York City. In the late 1970s, at the peak of disco dancing, Studio 54 became a world-famous nightclub. Founded and created by Steve Rubell and Ian Schrager, the dance club became famous for its celebrity guest lists, subjective entry policies (based on one’s appearance and style), and open club drug use. It would only be open in its original form for 33 months, but it became known as the hottest and most exclusive clubs in town, making a whopping $7 million in its first year alone.

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